| A Dry Dipstick Book Review
World Made by Hand
- a Novel
Author: James Howard Kunstler
2008, Atlantic Monthly Press
This book could more precisely, but less poetically,
be named "World Made by Kunstler". Author and Peak Oil commentator
James Howard Kunstler has written a novel that brings to life
a community and world that Kunstler himself has created. It's
not just any creation, however, because what he has created
is informed by his many years of study of our society, its
built environment, and the Peak Oil threat.
As a novel it's entertaining and interesting. As a demonstration
of Kunstler's vision for the post-Peak Oil future, it's vivid
and compelling. Kunstler imagines a time where all systems
have broken down because of Peak Oil, climate change, economic
collapse, apparent nuclear war—a number of U.S. cities
are gone—and, of course, famine and pestilence. In short,
it's a world ravaged by the Four Horsemen and a bunch of their
Needless to say, things aren't quite the same after all this.
Kunstler's protagonist, Robert Earle, moved with his wife
to her home town of Union Grove in upstate New York after
"the bomb went off in Los Angeles". Robert, a former software
marketing executive whose job became rather superfluous, now
supports himself as a carpenter, living alone while grieving
for his dead wife and daughter, and his long-missing son.
His community is not thriving, but it is surviving. Nearby
is another sort of community, run by wealthy and enterprising
land-owner Stephen Bullock, who has created his own fiefdom,
a plantation where industrious workers labor in the various
farm and manufacturing enterprises their "manor lord" has
created. It is a totally self-contained community, as sustainable
on its own resources as was any such community in early 1800s
America. That is, it still depends on trade with the outside
for the things it cannot grow or make itself.
Into the town of Union Grove comes a sizable religious sect—the
"New Faithers"—led by Brother Jobe, a charismatic and
increasingly mysterious leader who purchases the town's former
high school as a center for his flock. That flock is interesting
in itself, being decidedly non-pacifist and equally non-puritanical.
Another community just outside of town is led by Wayne Karp,
who with his hardcore biker followers has taken over the town's
former refuse dump, and now "mines" it for salvage materials.
With these four examples of possible post-Peak Oil communities—small
town New England, religious sect, back-to-the-1800s plantation
dwellers, and hard-drinking Mad Max ex-bikers—the scene
is now set for Kunstler to lead his protagonist Robert through
what is in effect a coming-of-(a new)-age novel for both Robert
and his town.
Kunstler suggests that all of these types of communities
are likely to occur in the not-distant future, although he
obviously favors the small town community that by the end
of the novel comes together stronger and closer, experiencing
a simpler and more meaningful life. It's democracy with a
little "d", in which people work out problems because it's
too destructive to their community if they don't. It's also
a restoration of an earlier America.
Union Grove is hardly a utopia, and Kunstler has no illusions
that creating—or ending up with—such a community
is an easy thing. But as his other writings also show, he
does believe that such communities can be brought about in
this real world, preferably earlier than later.
Kunstler has spent many years justifiably ranting about the
anti-human aspects of our suburbs, the destruction of our
cities, and the resulting decline in our civility and way
of life. He has emerged as a major, and very vocal, spokesman
for the Peak Oil movement; one who calls on us all to repent,
mend our ways and forsake our dependence on "Happy Motoring"
and the strip mall cul-de-sac suburbs that have resulted.
Now Kunstler has written a novel—I'd call it more a
novella, a moving snapshot—of what he envisions may
be our future. Despite a couple of bizarre scenes which remain
frustratingly undeveloped, and a line or two of dialogue fraught
with a meaning that is never revealed (although perhaps other,
smarter readers than I will decipher them)—he has created
a vivid depiction of what he envisions may be, can be, and
should be, our future.
Just as the communities are varied, so are the book's characters.
Kunstler has tempered his usual neo-Gonzo writing style and
created interesting characters with depth and complexity who
inhabit a world which is described quite lyrically at times.
There are no stereotypes here; the "good" guys have flaws,
the "bad" guys have their strengths. World Made By Hand
is well worth reading. After you read this book, you can
decide which, if any, of those communities you'd like to work
toward. And if none of them, you may at least see more clearly
your own image of the future.
Kunstler has taken a major step by providing us with a detailed
vision of a very possible future. It gives us a starting place
for a very important, and long avoided, discussion. Give it
Mick Winter (www.DryDipstick.com)
is the author of Peak Oil Prep: Prepare for Peak Oil, Climate
Change and Economic Collapse (www.peakoilprep.com)
Copyright © 2008 Mick Winter. This article may be republished
anywhere by anyone as long as it is shown in full (including
this notice) and there is no charge to the reader.